Glutamine has many beneficial effects on the body.
Contributes to intestinal health and acid-base balance. It is absorbed directly by the cells of the small intestine and may be useful for people with digestive problems or with insufficient absorption of nutrients (eg irritable bowel, colitis). It is also the main source of energy for the intestinal tract. Finally, it protects the stomach, and is effective in the treatment of peptic ulcers, esophagitis, gastritis and chronic or occasional gastric inflammation.
Glutamine helps maintain a healthy central nervous system. Inside the brain, glutamine can be converted to glutamic acid, another amino acid that helps the brain function properly. It also increases the levels of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an amino acid that acts as a neurotransmitter in the body.
Glutamine is also an important source of energy for the nervous system. If the brain does not get enough glucose it compensates by increasing the metabolism of glutamine for energy production.
Glutamine users often report having more energy, less fatigue and better mood.
Glutamine plays an important role in increasing muscle mass and energy metabolism. The structure of glutamine contains 2 nitrogen atoms, which makes it an important nitrogen transporter, transporting 35% of the nitrogen that reaches the muscle cells. This equates to anabolic muscle growth. In situations of constant and increased fatigue, the body’s needs for glutamine increase and its lack is associated with easy fatigue as it is accompanied by catabolism (breakdown) of muscle tissue.
Glutamine deficiency causes an – over training syndrome – (over-training syndrome) that results in the catabolism of muscle mass. Glutamine has a positive effect on the nitrogen balance by protecting the body from the loss of muscle protein and enhances cell regeneration. By taking glutamine this negative condition is prevented and prevented.
The body under conditions of stress and intense fatigue – disease uses glutamine as a key amino acid to maintain its homeostasis. It is now well established that under appropriate conditions, glutamine is essential for cell proliferation so that it can act as a respiratory fuel and can enhance the function of stimulated immune cells.
Studies and clinical results have shown a strong effect of glutamine supplementation on the number of human immune cells and their proper functioning.
Other effects of glutamine
Glutamine reduces the desire to consume alcohol, has a regenerative and healing effect on most tissues and helps in faster healing of wounds and injuries. It also promotes the production and synergy processes of antioxidants, such as being used in the synthesis of a powerful antioxidant, glutathione. In the kidneys, glutaminase and glutamine are involved in the synthesis of ammonia, to stabilize the pH of the blood.
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